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dependent best-first parser.
8. Semantics and Logical Form - basic encoding ambiguity logical form language, verbs and states in logical form, defining semantic structure and model theory.
9. Linking Syntax and Semantics - A simple grammar and lexicon with semantic interpretation, prepositional and verb phrases, semantic roles, handling simple questions, feature unification and generating sentences from logical form.
10. Ambiguity Resolution - Restrictions, semantic filtering and networks, statistical word sense disambiguation, statistical semantic preferences.
11. Other Strategies for Semantic Interpretation - Grammatical relations, semantic grammars, template matching and semantically-directed parsing techniques.
12. Scoping and the Interpretation of Noun Phrases - Definite descriptions and scoping methods during parsing, co-reference and binding constraints, adjective phrases, relational nouns and nominalizations and other problems in semantics.
13. Knowledge Representations and Reasoning - First-Order Predicate Calculus (FOPC), frames: stereotypical information, handling natural language quantification, procedural semantics, answering question and hybrid knowledge representations.
14. Local Discourse Context and Reference - Anaphora based on history lists, pronouns and centering, definite descriptions, definite reference and sets, ellipsis and surface anaphora.
15. Using World Knowledge - Establishing coherence, matching against expectations, action and casualty, scripts: understanding stereotypical situations, using hierarchical plans, action-effect-based reasoning and knowledge about rational behavior.
16. Discourse Structure - Segmentation and cue phrases, relating discourse structure and inference, discourse structure, tense, aspect and managing the attention stack.
17. Defining a Conversational Agent - language as multi-agent activity, representing cognitive state,
Building Knowledge Automation Systems with Exsys CORVID

     Building Knowledge Automation Systems with Exsys CORVID by Prof Elias Awad, University of Virginia - professor emeritus, is now available. With 18 textbooks in the field of knowledge engineering and expert systems, his latest book deals with the concept of Knowledge Automation - the direct delivery of Knowledge over the Web. Knowledge Automation Web sites deliver knowledge and customized recommendations through an interactive interface, rather than simply presenting facts and data. By building and fielding systems that capture expert decision-making knowledge, these Web-enabled systems integrate into Web sites through various techniques. Interacting with users in a conversational manner, these systems emulate human expert conversations.
     The book covers everything from selecting an appropriate problem to fielding a finished system. A crucial section covers the often-overlooked issues of working with experts, reaching consensus among multiple experts and various techniques for extracting decision-making knowledge in a usable form. Other sections cover the issues of fielding systems on the Web and the pros and cons of the various approaches.
     The book is bundled with an evaluation copy of Exsys CORVID Knowledge Automation Expert System development tool. This working version allows building small systems and fielding them on a Web site. By allowing the software to run for a full semester, provides an ideal tool for classroom use. The CORVID software includes an online tutorial and a printed "Quick Start" manual that shows how to use the main features of the development software.
     Order the book on-line at or 505.888.9494.

     James Allen, “Natural Language Understanding (2nd Edition)”, ISBN: 0805303340, 1995, Addison Wesley Publishing Company.

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