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Volume 15, Issue 4
Also check out the PC AI Article Summary List for the past 16 years
Jul/Aug 2001
Theme: Knowledge Management and Decision Support

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The Knowledge Navigator: An Auction Metaphor for the Brokering of Corporate Knowledge Assets Earl Cox examines a knowledge management system, incorporating an expertise repository and adaptive feedback to rate of the expert's knowledge and abilities, thus bridging the gap between those with knowledge and those in need.
Distributed (Indexed) Searching: Evolution of XML Elizabeth Thede describes how using XML as an interchange medium results in more intelligent searching of local and remote servers.
Prolog Goes Middleware: Java-based Embedding of Logic Servers Thomas Steiner illustrates the use of a Prolog engine to integrate and distribute a logic base within two popular middleware architectures: RMI and CORBA.
AI@Work Pillbury revolutionizes its business by mining data to understand consumer tastes using web-based intelligence.
Expert System Composes Music: AI Creativity William L. Pirkle illustrates a rule-based expert system that utilizes chaos to create art, in the form of music.
Decision Navigator: An Enterprise Decision Support System Don Creswell discusses an approach for measuring and managing the crucial strategic decision-making process.
The Next Wave of Knowledge Management: Opportunities to Leverage Knowledge through People, Process, and Technology Daniel W. Rasmus accesses the technology that facilitates the exchange of knoweldge and ideas among the extended base of employees, customers and partners.
Regression Analysis: A Brief Look at the History of AI Ilana Marks explores the evolution of AI technology over the past 50 years and offers a glimpse of what we may see in the future.

AI and the Net - A.I. at the Movies by Mary Kroening
The Book Zone - Swarm Intelligence and Multi-Sensor Fusion by Will Dwinnell
Product Updates -------------------------------> 25 late breaking product announcements from around the world in the fields of:
  Custom Services Data Mining
  E-Business Solutions Expert System Development Tools
  Help Desk Intelligent Tools
  Internet and Web Modeling and Simulation
  Neural Networks Text Mining
  Voice and Speech Recognition Announcements
Product Service Guide - Provides access to information on an entire category of products    
PC AI Blackboard - AI advertisers bulletin board    

Advertiser List for 15.4
AAAI IJCAI Rule Machines Corporation
Amzi! Inc Logic Programming Associates StatSoft
And Corporation Megaputer Text Analysis International
Arcanum Morgan Kaufmann The Haley Enterprise
Attar Software NeuralWare The Modeling Agency
Babylon Interactive NeuroDimension WizSoft
BioComp PC AI  
Cyber Squire PC AI Back Issues  
DCI PC AI Banner Ads  
dtSearch Prolog Development Center  
  Production Systems Technologies  
Exsys QMC  
Franz RML  
Frontline Systems Rule Automation  

This is an exciting time for the computer industry and particularly for the field of AI. Decades ago, when the excitement over AI and expert systems was just emerging (for the 2nd time - see A Look at the History of AI), computers were too underpowered and information too isolated for AI to reach its full potential. Today, not only are computers sufficiently robust but understanding of AI technologies and development environments has also matured. In addition, today's Internet and intranets readily supply the facts and raw data for the AI technologies to process. The product of this data and information processing is raw Knowledge, for which AI can again supply the technology to simplify and amplify its usage - Knowledge Management (see Knowledge Navigator and The Next Wave of Knowledge Management).
  As you read this editorial, the movie "AI" will be playing in theaters near you. The star of this movie, a robot, exhibits a number of human-like characteristics. Although the field of AI is still quite distant from "AI's" human behaviors (see AI and the Movies), we are starting to see pieces of this big AI puzzle come together. Possibly less glamorous technologies, such as fuzzy logc, expert systems, natural language processing and robotics, already handle narrow portions of this overall vision (visit the vendors mentioned in this issue for examples). In addition, web sites such as www.kurzweilai.net are attempting to demonstrate larger pieces of that puzzle. Here you will find Ramona, an example of a human machine interface, exhibiting human-like characteristics, some narrow domain knowledge and even a hint of personality.
  One human characteristic that traditional AI systems are missing is creativity. In general, when you develop a system to solve a problem, it is important that the solution be repeatable. That is in contrast to the creative notion. One article in this issue (Expert System Composes Music) explores AI technology, in the form of an expert system, as a means of composing music. Another very human characteristic apparently solved in the movie but still challenging real world developers, is the issue of self-awareness. Possibly an even tougher test for AI than the Turing Test - If you build it, will it care? Will it even know?
  AI has been hitting the news recently from NASA's AI in satellites, to bots, to "Business Intelligence" being selected by analysts as one of the top five technologies for the future. Searching news and technology information sites for terms such as "artificial intelligence" is uncovering a major increase in interest. With the current depressed economy and tight budgets, companies are foregoing their usual hardware upgrades and attempting to do more with less - causing an increased interest in intelligent software. In addition to large databases and knowledge bases requiring knoweldge management to maintain their knowledge, they need to be able to find information, i.e. intelligent searches (see Distributed Searching). Even if a company has the knoweldge readily available, it often goes unused by key corporate managers making the strategic decisions. For corporations to utilize this knowledge to improve corporate intelligence and define a successful corporate strategy, intelligent technologies such as decision support can be useful (see Decision Navigator).
  There is so much to cover in this growing field and it is changing so rapidly. I hope that this issue provides you with a glimpse into this exciting world.
  Terry Hengl

Volume 15-----------------------> Issue 1 (Jan/Feb 2001)   Volume 15 Index (2001)
  Issue 2 (Mar/Apr 2001)   Volume 14 Index (2000)
Issue 3 (May/Jun 2001)   Volume 13 Index (1999)
Issue 4 (Jul/Aug 2001)   Volume 12 Index (1998)
Issue 5 (Sep/Oct 2001)   Volume 11 Index (1997)
Issue 6 (Nov/Dec 2001)   Volume 10 Index (1996)
      Volume 9 Index (1995)
      Volume 8 Index (1994)

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