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Volume 10, Issue 3
May/Jun 1996
Theme: Neural Nets and Fuzzy Logic

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Neural Nets That Create and Discover - Stephen Thaler - Relaxing or destroying a trained net's internal architecture causes the net to produce novel outputs. This process can transform the basis for modeling creativity, and for harnessing creativity in intriguing applications for business and industry.
Overview: Fuzziness -- Casimir Klimasauskas - Fuzzy logic captures and formalizes intuitions about how we describe the world around us. Although this technology is starting to appear in a wide variety of complex applications, its foundation consists of a few surprisingly simple concepts.
Genetic Algorithms -- Russell A. Hill - Evolutionary computation paradigms -- such as Genetic Algorithms -- solve search problems which resist other techniques. They typically approach problems from new and unexpected directions, making them attractive problem-solving tools for business.
Cybernautica - Hal Berghel - The World-Wide Web is a dominant force in today's computing, but a Web presence may not be appropriate for every organization. Answering a few questions will help you decide if it's appropriate for yours.

Interview - Steve Ward Ward Systems Group Founder and President.
Vendor's Forum - MATLAB's Fuzzy Logic Toolbox Ken Karnofsky, Ned Gulley, and Lisa Kempler of The MathWorks Inc. describe the thought process behind the development of an environment which allows you to build fuzzy logic into a variety of systems.
Product Updates -----------------------------> 23 late breaking product announcements from around the world in the fields of:
  Creativity Tools Data Mining
  Intelligent Tools Internet
  Languages Modeling
  Neural Networks Object Oriented Development
  Statistical Process Control  
PC AI Buyer's Guide ----------------------> Fuzzy Logic Neural Networks
Product Service Guide - Provides access to information on an entire category of products    
PC AI Blackboard - AI advertisers bulletin board    

Advertiser List for 10.3
AAAI Gensym PC AI Internet Report
AbTech Corporation Gold Hill Inc Pinnacle Data
American Heuristics Corp Harlequin Inc Primenet Inc
Amzi! Inc Hess Consulting Production Systems Tech
Applied Logic Systems Inc HyperLogic Corporation Prolog Development Center
ATTAR Software USA Information Builders Soft Warehouse Inc
Axcelis Inc Intelligent Machines Software Frontiers
BioComp Systems ISoft SPSS Inc
Blackboard Technology Group ITANIS International Teknowledge Corporation
Brightware Inc KnowledgeBroker Inc TERANET IA Inc
California Scientific Software Logic Programming Assoc The Haley Enterprise Inc
Cogito Software Inc Mikuni Berkeley The Schwartz Associates
EXSYS Inc Network Cybernetics Virtual Genetic Systems Inc
Finance and Technology NeuralWare Inc Ward Systems Group Inc
Flexible Intelligence NeuroDimension Inc WCNN'96
FuziWare Inc NIBS Inc  
Fuzzy Systems Engineering OXKO Corporation  


Hot Technologies

Two of the hottest technologies in Artificial Intelligence appear in this issue -- Neural Networks and Fuzzy Logic. Both enable decision-making under uncertainty. Both model aspects of intelligence, although each does business at vastly different levels of analysis. Neural nets seek to emulate the adaptability and the learning ability of biological systems. Fuzzy logic tries to capture the imprecise way we describe concepts and work with them to form conclusions. Numerous applications join the two, from neural nets that process elements of language to fuzzy logic control systems that incorporate neural nets.
  Our dual focus is designed to put you in touch with developments in these rapidly expanding areas. We've really poured it on, too. The focus encompasses our Feature Article, an Overview, a Vendor's Forum, an interview, and two reviews. Two explanatory notes if you're new to our magazine: (1) our Overviews introduce you to Artificial Intelligence concepts; (2) Our Vendors' Forums are written by product developers who give you an inside look at AI-based packages or development tools.
  In the Feature Article ("Neural Nets That Create and Discover"), Stephen Thaler shows you how neural nets can serve as useful devices for modeling the creative process. These models aren't just academic niceties. As you'll see, they form the basis for exciting applications that may have a substantial commercial impact.
  The Overview and the Vendor's Forum are within the fuzzy realm. In the Overview, NeuralWare co-founder and CEO Casimir Klimasauskas clarifies the essential concepts of fuzzy logic. His objective is to enable you to understand this field without having to learn theoretical esoterica. The Vendor's Forum give you a guided tour of The MathWorks, Inc.'s MATLAB Fuzzy Logic ToolBox, a development environment for building fuzzy logic into a wide variety of applications. This package is also ideal for learning about fuzzy logic and for carrying out fuzzy-based research and development projects.
  The interview and the reviews bring you back to the world of neural networks. PC AI publisher Terry Hengl's interview turns the spotlight on Ward Systems Group founder and President Steve Ward. No stranger to neural net aficionados, Ward recounts the history of his company and his neural net packages. While shedding light on the neural net industry, he gives some valuable lessons to would-be entrepreneurs. Jeff Rapaport and Seymour Rapaport review NeuroSolutions, an environment that provides many helpful tools and covers every stage of neural net development. Peter Immarco reviews NeuroGeneticOptimizer, a package that uses Genetic Algorithms to facilitate network development.
  This gives us a nice segue into another of our articles -- "Genetic Algorithms," by Russell Hill. In his debut on these pages, Hill describes a computing technology which mimics the process of evolution. This technology takes a novel approach to solving complex search problems, and thereby provides an important new tool. And speaking of importance, Technical Editor Hal Berghel returns with "Cybernautica." In this installment, Berghel examines reasons for developing a presence on the World-Wide Web.
  A world of information awaits you on the pages that follow, and you'll notice that the magazine's evolution is continuing in subtle ways. Enjoy!
  Joseph Schmuller

Volume 10---------------------> Issue 1 (Jan/Feb 1996)   Volume 15 Index (2001)
  Issue 2 (Mar/Apr 1996)   Volume 14 Index (2000)
Issue 3 (May/Jun 1996)   Volume 13 Index (1999)
Issue 4 (Jul/Aug 1996)   Volume 12 Index (1998)
Issue 5 (Sep/Oct 1996)   Volume 11 Index (1997)
Issue 6 (Nov/Dec 1996)   Volume 10 Index (1996)
      Volume 9 Index (1995)
      Volume 8 Index (1994)

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