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Logo Programming Language

Overview: Devised in the late 60s by Papert and his colleagues at MIT as an educational aid for children, Logo is a subset of LISP and can be used as a serious programming language. Indeed, Burke and Genise's (1987) undergraduate text exclusively uses Logo to explain fundamental principles of computer science, and Shafer's (1986) book on Macintosh AI programming is based on Logo. Logo is compact, making it an excellent vehicle for exploring AI on a PC. A version of Logo exists for virtually every major brand of desktop computer, with versions in most cases marketed by the computer manufacturer.

Logo is best known for graphics; the user programs a cursor (called a "turtle") to draw figures on the screen. Graphics aside, Logo has a number of list manipulation functions (in a syntax that is more friendly than LISP's) that make it ideal for AI applications, and random number generating functions that make it suitable for simulations. Goldenberg and Feurzeig (1987) show how Logo can be used to explore computational linguistics, and Harvey's three volumes (1985, 1986, 1987) give a wide range of other applications and projects. (Reference: LANGUAGES OF AI by Joseph Schmuller, September/October 1991, page 22)


Glossary Link - Logo Programming Language


To LISP Programming Language
To OPS Programming Language

Logo Information on the Internet
Free Logo Interpreters Free interpreter site containing many languages including Logo. 
LOGO Newsgroup FAQ Answers to frequently asked questions about LOGO. 
The Logo Programming Language Learn about what the Logo programming language is.
MIT E&L FTP Server This FTP server is used to distribute publications, software and projects created by members of the Epistemology and Learning Group at the MIT Media Laboratory. 
MSW LOGO Information and downloadable kits for Windows. 
Reseau Logo Logo site in French
Yahoo Index on Logo Yahoo computer and internet: languages: Logo programming. 

Logo Vendors
Internet distributer of MicroWorlds Project Builder. 
LCSI was started by Seymour Papert in 1980 to offer logo to the educational community. They offer a free 30-day download of MicroWorlds (multimedia software) for Win95 and/or Mac at their web site. They also have math products (Math Links and Turtle Math), a writing product (Language Art), and early childhood products (Castle and Treasure Isle). 
Site contains programs, kid's productions, fractals, etc. Site is in French.

Dynamic Search Engine References
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Article References
Encyclopedia Of Artificial Intelligence (Bibliography - 48 Refs) Stuart C. Shapiro, 1992, Wiley and Sons, page 124-127. 

Book References
Computer Science Logo Style, Volume 1 Intermediate Programming Harvey, B. (1985) Cambridge, MA: MIT Press 
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Computer Science Logo Style, Volume 2 Projects, Styles, and Techniques Harvey, B. (1986) Cambridge, MA: MIT Press 
Logo and Models of Computation Burke, M. and Genise, L. (1987) Menlo Park, CA: Addison-Wesley 
Exploring Language With Logo Goldenberg, E. and Feurzeig, W. (1987) Cambridge, MA: MIT Press 
Logo and Models of Computation Harvey, B. (1987) Cambridge, MA: MIT Press 
Learning Mathematics and Logo Hoyles, C. and Noss, R. (1992) Boston, MA: MIT Press, pps 483 

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