and Data Mining
|Extraction of useful information from data sets. Data
mining serves to find information that is hidden within the available
|An information repository from which queries and analysis may be made.
|Knowledge Discovery in Databases. A synonym for data mining.
Info on Data Warehouse and Data Mining
|Decision Support System
|A program data which assist in analysis and decision-making.
|A belief maintenance system that considers evidence from
a number of sources, maintains information on the evidence, and combines
the pieces of evidence to produce a decision.
Dylan Programming Language
|Distributed Computing Environment (DCE)
| Computer networking environment that consists of many
integrated components working together.
|Also called "enabling technology." It means that the component
is not intended to exist alone. The DCE is middleware.
|Refers to the Threads, Remote Procedure Call (RPC), Cell Directory Service
(CDS), Security Service, and Distributed Time Service (DTS) components
of a DCE.
Info on Distributed Computing
|A problem-solving procedure that starts with a statement
and a set of rules leading to the statement and then works backward, matching
the rules with information from a database of facts until the statement
can be either verified or proven wrong.
|Case-Based Reasoning (CBR)
|A problem-solving system that relies on stored representations
of previously solved problems and their solutions.
|A type of application program that makes decisions or solves
problems in a particular field by using knowledge and analytical rules
defined by experts in the field.
|Expert System Shell
|A software package that facilitate the building of knowledge-based
systems by providing a knowledge representation scheme and an inference
engine. The developer adds domain knowledge.
|A problem solving procedure that starts with a set of rules
and a database of facts and works to a conclusion based on facts that
match all the premises set forth in the rules.
|Describes a problem situation and the action an expert would
perform in that situation.
|The processing portion of an expert system. With information
from the knowledge-base, the inference engine provides the reasoning ability
that derive inferences (conclusions) on which the expert system acts.
|The gathering of expertise from a human expert for entry
into an expert system.
|A system that uses stored knowledge to solve problems in
a specific domain.
|The notation or formalism used for coding the knowledge
to be stored in a knowledge-based system.
|A set of If-Then rules.
|For More Info
on Expert Systems
Forth Programming Language
|List for words and their definitions -- address and parameters.
Almost the entire Forth program is contained within the dictionary.
|RPN Reverse Polish Notation
|Also called postfix notation, is often used on a stack-based
machines. The values or operands are placed on the data stack and once
the operation is selected, the resulting value is returned on the stack.
|Operations in a RPN machine are done to values already
on the data stack. Operations such as swap and duplicate allow manipulation
of the values on the stack.
|This structure contains a list of variables and related
words. Words in one vocabulary may not access to word in other vocabularies
thus allowing data hiding. Used as a command, vocabulary creates a new
|This is the Forth terminology for a command enabling the
hiding data in structures called vocabularies.
|For More Info
on the Forth Programming Language
|Fuzzy Associative Memory
|A software structure that collects fuzzy sets, works with
them, and produces an output that assists in decision making.
|A form of logic in which variables can have degrees of
truth or falsehood.
|A set whose elements have degrees of membership.
|The mathematical function which defines the degree of
an element's membership in a fuzzy set.
|For More Info
on Fuzzy Logic
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